Integrated remote sensing and GIS techniques to delineate groundwater potential area of Chamchamal basin, Sulaymaniyah, NE Iraq


  • Diary Ali Mohammed University of Sulaimani, College of Science, Department of Geology



Groundwater management · Kurdistan · GIS · potential mapping



Groundwater management in the semi-arid areas is a crucial issue and requires more scientific study and techniques.  Groundwater potential areas for part of Chamchamal basin are determined using two techniques, the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and a geographic information system (GIS). Several Input factors were used to produce a thematic map including geology, structure, drainage density, landuse/landcover, slope steepness,  lineament density, and hydrogeology. Based on the relative importance, the layers are ranked which control the groundwater potential areas. The factor classified into several zones builds upon the hydrogeological characteristics and the classes weighted on the basis of the relative standing to the potential area of groundwater. The output of the analysis showed that there are four zones of groundwater potential, good, moderate, poor, and very poor. The zones cover 10.4, 38.7, 43.93, and 6.96% of the area, respectively. Furthermore, the results showed that the southwest part of the area is the most favorable area for groundwater existence. While the center and some parts of the northeast characterized by low groundwater potential zones. To verify the final potential zones the yield rates of 38 wells are used. In the verification process, it is verified that the categories of groundwater potential areas are closed to the results obtained from (AHP)  and (GIS).

Author Biography

Diary Ali Mohammed, University of Sulaimani, College of Science, Department of Geology

Dr. Diary Ali Mohammed Amin Al-Manmi, an assistant professor, graduated from University of Baghdad in 1989, with a B.Sc. degree in Geology, and he awarded MSc and Ph.D. in 2002 and 2008 from the same University in the field of hydrogeology.  Currently, he is a Vice Dean of the College of Science at the University of Sulaimani. He has 18 years of experience working in the field of hydrogeology teaching like hydrology, hydrogeology, and groundwater modeling courses and researching. He published twenty articles in international and local journals and supervised eight MSc students inside Iraq and outside of Iraq like Germany, Netherlands, and Hungary. He is a member of several national and international societies like International Association of hydrogeologist (IAH) and Kurdistan Geologists-Society. He has good computer skills and working with much software like MODFLOW, ROCKWORK, SURFER, AQUIFERTEST, PHREEQC, and STATISTICA.


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