Graphene oxide enhances SBA-15 ability towards preconcentration as well as determination of barbiturate drug in real samples
Keywords:SBA-15 nanocomposite, Graphene oxide, Sodium barbiturate, Preconcentration, Drug delivery
In this study, a simple, sensitive, and high performance method was employed to extract and preconcentration of trace amount of sodium barbiturate drug by using mesoporous silica (SBA-15) modified by graphene oxide (GO). TEM, BET, TGA, FE-SEM, EDS, and elemental analysis CHN were used to characterization of mesoporous SBA-15 and nanocomposite. Effective parameters in barbiturate extraction such as pH, amount of nanocomposite, eluent type, contacting time, ionic power of solution, and sample volume were optimized for quantitative determination of barbiturate. Analytical figures of merit such as accuracy, limit of detection, preconcentration and enrichment factors were calculated and proved the suitability of our proposed method. Calibration curve shows linear correlation in 50-2000 ng mL-1 with detection limit of 17 ng mL-1. The relative standard deviation (n=10) was 1.39% and the preconcentration factor was 50 using 100 mL of sample.
E.R. Garrett, J.T. Bojarski, G.J. Yakatan, Kinetics of hydrolysis of barbituric acid derivatives, J. Pharm. Sci. 60 (2006) 1145-1154.
G.S. Jufe, New hypnotics: perspectives from sleep physiology, Vertex. 18 (2007) 294-299.
A.R. Zarei, F. Gholamian, Development of a dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction method for spectrophotometric determination of barbituric acid in pharmaceutical formulation and biological samples, Anal Biochem. 412 (2011) 224-228.
Gh.A. Shabir, T.K. Bradshaw, Sh.A. Arain, Gh. Qadir-Shar, A new validated method for the simultaneous determination of a series of eight barbiturates by RP-HPLC, J. Liq. Chromatogr. Related Technol. 33 (2010) 61-71.
X.P. Lee, T. Kumazawa, Ch. Hasegawa, T. Arinobu, H. Seno, O. Suzuki, K. Sato, High-throughput determination of barbiturates in human plasma using on-line column-switching ultra-fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, Forensic Toxicol. 31 (2013) 9-20.
T.F. Jiang, Y.H. Wang, Z.H. Lv, M.E. Yue, Direct Determination of Barbiturates in Urine by Capillary Electrophoresis Using a Capillary Coated Dynamically with Polycationic Polymers, Chromatographia. 65 2007 611-615.
H. Zhao, L. Wang, Y. Qiu, Zh. Zhou, X. Li, W. Zhong, Simultaneous determination of three residual barbiturates in pork using accelerated solvent extraction and gas chromatography–mass spectrometrySimultaneous determination of three residual barbiturates in pork using accelerated solvent extraction and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. B. 840 (2006) 139-145.
M. Iwai, H. Hattori, T. Arinobu, A. Ishii, T. Kumazawa, H. Noguchi, H. Noguchi, O. Suzuki, H. Seno, Simultaneous determination of barbiturates in human biological fluids by direct immersion solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. B. 806 (2004) 65-73.
D. Fritch, K. Blum, S. Nonnemacher, K. Kardos, A.R. Buchhalter, E.J. Cone, Barbiturate detection in oral fluid, plasma, and urine, Ther. Drug Monit. 33 (2011) 72-79.
K. Madej, Microwave-assisted and cloud-point extraction in determination of drugs and other bioactive compounds, TrAC Trends Anal. Chem. 28 (2009) 436-446.
B. Tienpont, F. David, T. Benilts, P. Sandra, Stir bar sorptive extraction-thermal desorption-capillary GC–MS for profiling and target component analysis of pharmaceutical drugs in urine, J. Pharm. Bio. Anal. 32 (2003) 569-579.
R.A. Menck, C.D.R.D. Oliveira, D.S.D. Lima, L.E. Goes, V. Leyton, C.A. Pasqualucci, D.R. Munoz, M. Yonamine, Hollow fiber-liquid phase microextraction of barbiturates in liver samples, Forensic Toxicol. 31 (2013) 31-36
G. Ouyanga, J. Pawliszyn, Recent developments in SPME for on-site analysis and monitoring, TrAC Trend Anal. Chem. 25 (2006) 692-703.
S. Dadfarnia, A.M.H. Shabani, Recent development in liquid phase microextraction for determination of trace level concentration of metals, Anal. Chim. Acta. 658 (2010) 107-119.
M.A. Jeannot, A. Przyjazny, J.M. Kokosa, Single drop microextraction development, applications and future trends, J. Chromatogr. A. 1217 (2010) 2326-2336.
M.K. Zanjani, Y. Yamini, S. Shariati, Analysis of n-alkanes in water samples by means of headspace solvent microextraction and gas chromatography, J. Hazard. Mater. 136 (2006) 714-720.
H. Marsh, F. Rodriguez-Reinoso, Actived carbon. Elsevier (2006)
A. Mirabi, Z. Dalirandeh, A. Shokuhi-Rad, Preparation of modified magnetic nanoparticles as asorbent for the preconcentration and determination of cadmium ions in food and environmental water samples prior to flame atomicabsorption spectrometry, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 381 (2015) 138-144.
A. Mirabi, A. Shokouhi Rad, S. Nourani, Application of Modified Magnetic Nanoparticles as a Sorbent for Preconcentration and Determination of Nickel Ions in Food and Environmental Water Samples, TrAC Trends Anal. Chem. 74 (2015) 146-151.
A. Mirabi, A. Shokuhi-Rad, M.R. Jamali, N. Danesh, Use of Modified γ-Alumina Nanoparticles for the Extraction and Preconcentration of Trace Amounts of Cadmium Ions, Aust. J. Chem. 69 (2016) 314-318.
A. Mirabi, A. Shokuhi-Rad, H. Khodadad, Modified surface based on magnetic nanocomposite of dithiooxamide /Fe3O4 as a sorbent for preconcentration and determination of trace amounts of copper, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 389 (2015) 130-135.
G. Hartmann, M. Schuster, Species selective preconcentration and quantification of gold nanoparticles using cloud point extraction and electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry, Anal. Chim. Acta. 761 (2013) 27-33.
Ch. He, Y. Long, J. Pan, K. Li, F Liu, Application of molecularly imprinted polymers to solid-phase extraction of analytes from real samples, J. Biochem. Bioph. Methods. 70 (2007) 133-150.
T. Zhu, E. Ertekin, Phonons, Localization, and Thermal Conductivity of Diamond Nanothreads and Amorphous Graphene, Nano Lett. 16 (2016) 4763-4772.
X. Li, Z. Wang, Q. Li, J. Ma, M. Zhu, Preparation, characterization, and application of mesoporous silica-grafted graphene oxide for highly selective lead adsorption, Chem. Eng. J. 273 (2015) 630-637.
D. Zhao, Q. Huo, J. Feng, B.F. Chmelka, G.D. Stucky, Nonionic triblock and star diblock copolymer and oligomeric sufactant syntheses of highly ordered, hydrothermally stable, mesoporous silica structures, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120 (1998) 6024–6036.
G.L. Marca, S. Malvagia, L. Filippi, F. Luceri, G. Moneti, R. Guerrini, A new rapid micromethod for the assay of phenobarbital from dried blood spots by LC-tandem mass spectrometry, Epilepsia. 50 (2009) 2658-2662.
K. Saka, K. Uemura, K. Shintani-Ishida, K. Yoshida, Determination of amobarbital and phenobarbital in serum by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry with addition of formic acid to the solvent, J. Chromatogr. B. 869 (2008) 9-15.
L.L. Johnson, U. Garg, Quantitation of Amobarbital, Butalbital, Pentobarbital, Phenobarbital, and Secobarbital in Urine, Serum, and Plasma Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), Methods Mol. Biol. 603 (2010) 65-74.
R. Pocci, V. Dixit, V.M. Dixit, Solid-Phase Extraction and GC/MS Confirmation of Barbiturates from Human Urine, J. Anal. Toxicol. 16 (1992) 45-47.
B.J. Hall, J.S. Brodbelt, Determination of barbiturates by solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and ion trap gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A. 777 (1997) 275-282.