Effect of Moringa oleifera Lam. leaf aqueous extract on growth attributes and cell wall bound phenolics accumulation in maize (Zea mays L.) under drought stress

Kiran Pervez, Faizn Ullah, Sultan Mehmood, Adnan Khattak

Abstract


Drought stress is one of the major abiotic stresses affecting in maize yield and quality. Scientists are struggling for the production of natural growth stimulants to improve drought stress tolerance of crop plants.  Moringa oleifera (M. oleifera) is a good source of natural antioxidants and its leaf extracts has been used as a bioregulator for improving growth of various crop plants. Present study evaluated the effect of moringa aqueous leaf extract (MALE) with different concentrations (25%, 12.5%, 6.25%, 3.13% and 1.56% respectively) on growth and cell wall bound phenolics of maize cv. Azam under drought stress (soil humidity 10%). Leaf of M. oleifera was a good source of natural phenolics. Exogenous application of MALE significantly improved leaf soluble proteins, leaf relative water content (LRWC), leaf area, shoot and root fresh weight and dry weight, root area, root length and root width under drought stress. Drought stress cause accumulation of cell wall bound phenolics. The increments in the content of cell wall bound phenolics were significantly decreased by MALE. Application of MALE as bioregulator depending on the extract concentration applied is recommended for maize under drought stress conditions.


Keywords


Biology

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