Nonlinear signal processing, spectral, and fractal based stridor auscultation: A machine learning approach

DOI: 10.48129/kjs.11363

Authors

  • S SANKARARAMAN UNIVERSITY OF KERALA
  • VIMAL RAJ UNIVERSITY OF KERALA
  • A RENJINI UNIVERSITY OF KERALA
  • M S SWAPNA UNIVERSITY OF KERALA
  • S SREEJYOTHI UNIVERSITY OF KERALA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.48129/kjs.11363

Abstract

The work reported in the paper analyses the adventitious stridor breath sound (ST) and the normal bronchial breath sound (BR) using spectral, fractal, and nonlinear signal processing methods. The forty breath sound signals are subjected to power spectral density (PSD) and wavelet analyses to understand the temporal evolution of the frequency components. The energy envelope of the PSD plot of ST shows three peaks labelled as A (256 Hz), B (369 Hz), and C (540 Hz), of which A alone is present in BR at 265 Hz. The appearance of B and C in the PSD plot of ST is due to the obstructions in the trachea and upper airways caused by lesions. The phase portrait analysis of the time series data of ST and BR gives information about the randomness and the sample entropy of the dynamical system. The study reveals that the fractal dimension and sample entropy values are higher for BR, which may be due to the musical ordered behaviour of ST. The machine learning techniques based on the features extracted from the PSD data and phase portrait parameters offer good predictability, besides the classification of BR and ST, and thereby revealing its potential in pulmonary auscultation.

Published

26-12-2021

Issue

Section

Physics