Optimized rock physics model implementation to characterize the heterogeneous B-interval reservoir facies in the petro-elastic domain, Mubarak Block, Lower Indus Basin, Pakistan.
Rock physics abridges geological and reservoir parameters to quantify the heterogeneous hydrocarbon reservoir facies in the petro-elastic domain. The widely distributed Lower Goru sands across the Lower Indus Basin are proven hydrocarbon reservoirs and exhibit heterogeneity due to their complex depositional environment. Diagenetic detrital quartz overgrowth cementation, sand, shale intercalation, and various fluids add more challenges to characterize facies in the petro-elastic domain. For precise petro-elastic relationship establishment, an extended cemented sandstone rock physics model for B-Interval sands of the Lower Goru Formation was developed. It produced conclusive elastic properties by optimizing the density log and synthesizing the missing shear sonic log. The accuracy of the selected model was authenticated by statistical measures, i.e., good prediction quality, high correlation coefficient, along with less normalized root mean square error for modeled Vp, Vs and density. This comprehensive approach adheres to the interrelationship between pores, minerals, cementation effects and fluids to address reservoir heterogeneity, facies classification and tight sand. Furthermore, these parameters are translated in a ubiquitous way in the petro-elastic domain, illuminating the sweet spots within the reservoir.